Robert Henri (American, 1865-1929)

Study for Portrait of Loretta Hines Howard, c. 1925-29

Pencil and Oil on Wove Paper           

13 3/8 x 9 1/2 in.                       

81.1.1 AAR                       

Signed lower center

Henri studied with William-Adolphe Bouguereau at the Académie Julian in Paris in 1888, the year that Bouguereau produced his painting at JELMA. In Paris, Henri was seduced by the direct painterly bravura of Édouard Manet. Manet allowed a colored study or ébauche to serve as the finished painting. This aesthetic of non-fini drew criticism from the Académie, which called work like Manet's "just impressions".  With "impressions" Henri strove to depict daily life with the other members of The Ashcan School, becoming a catalyst for the expressionism of the 20th century and prompting Henri to write, "Judging a Manet from the point of view of Bouguereau, the Manet has not been finished. Judging a Bouguereau from the point of view of Manet, the Bouguereau has not been begun."


Resemblances of this oil sketch with his portrait of Loretta Hines Howard, would date this study to the last four years of Henri's life, when Ms. Howard studied painting with him.

Tavern Scene

Pen and Ink, and Ink wash on Paper


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